Rumus Passive Voice dan Contoh dalam Bahasa Inggris

By Categories : Grammar lesson

Satu lagi ketika belajar bahasa Inggris khususnya grammar, asti tidak asing dengan pembahasan rumus passive voice dan cara merubahnya dari kalimat aktive )active voice. Apakah kalimat passive voice bahasa Inggris itu?

Passive voice adalah bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Ingris yang lebih menekankan terlaksananya kegiatan atau peristiwa. Dalam pelajaran grammar and structure passive voice dibentuk dengan cara memindah posisi SUBJECT menempati OBJECT dan begitu sebaliknya. Namun pengertian semantiknya, OBJECT yang awalnya adalah SUBJECT tetaplah pihak yang melaksanakan atau melakukan kegiatan tersebut.
Pola Passive voice ini dipakai karena beberapa alasan dan yang paling umum adalah writer atau speaker lebih ingin lebih menekankan pada kegiatanya dari pada “siapa yag melakukan kegiatan tersebut”. Model kalimat passive voice ini lebih sering kita jumpai dalam penulisan news item text, berita-berita dalam bahasa Inggris.

dasar pengertian rumus passive voice bahasa Inggris

rumus dasar passive voice bahasa Inggris

Pada screeshot diatas, jelas dinyatakan bahwa rumus passive voice itu terbentuk dengan keharusan menggunakan verb 3. Style kalimat passive ini sering digunakan  dalam interaksi dan penulisan kalimat sehari-hari. Coba lihat beberapa contoh news item text, rata-rata sang wartawan menggunaka kalimat passive.

Rumus Passive Voice Dasar

Passive voice dalam bahasa Inggris dibentuk dengan rumus dasar sebagai berikut

Peristiwa/benda + TO BE + VERB 3 +  Pelaku
Rice is eaten by me = Nasi dimakan oleh saya
Book are read by students = Buku dibaca oleh murid-murid
I am asked by strangers = Saya ditanya oleh oleh beberapa orang asing

Rumus dasar passive voice seperti diatas akan selalu menyesuaikan dengan tenses yang dipakai.

Rumus Passive Voice Dalam 16 Tenses

Berikut adalah rumus passive voice dalam 16 tenses lengkap disertai dengan asal kalimat active voice nya

No

Tenses

Active Voice

Passive Voice

1

Present Simple Tense S + V1 + O S + to be (am, are, is) + V3 + by + O
Many people speak English English is spoken by many people

2

Present Continuous Tense S + to be (am, are, is) + V1-ing + O S + to be (am, are, is) + being + V3 + by + O
Many people are speaking English English is being spoken by many people

3

Present Perfect Tense S + to be (am, are, is) + being + V3 + by + O S + have/has + been + V3 + by + O
Many people have spoken English English has been spoken by many people

4

Present Perfect Continuous Tense S + have/has + been + V1-ing + O S + have/has + been + being + V3 + by + O
Many people have been speaking English English has been being spoken by many people

5

Past Simple Tense S + V2 + O S + to be (was, were) + V3 + by + O
Many people spoke English English was spoken by many people

6

Past Continuous Tense S + to be (was, were) + V1-ing + O S + to be (was, were) + being + V3 + by + O
Many people were speaking English English was being spoken by many people

7

Past Perfect Tense S + had not + V3 + O S + had + been + V3 + by + O
Many people had spoken English English had been spoken by many people

8

Past Perfect Continuous Tense S + had + been + V1-ing + O S + had + been + being + V3 + by + O
 Many people had been speaking English English had been being spoken by many people

9

Future Simple Tense S + will not + V1 + O S + will be + V3 + by + O
Many people will speak English English will be spoken by many people

10

Future Continuous Tense S + will + be + V1-ing + O S + will + be + being + V3 + by + O
Many people will be speaking English English will be being spoken by many people

11

Future Perfect Tense S + will + have + V3 + O S + will + have + been + V3 + by + O
Many people will have spoken English English will have been spoken by many people

12

Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + will + have + been + V1-ing + O S + will + have + been + V1-ing + O
Many people will have been speaking English English will have been being spoken by Many people

13

Past Future Simple Tense S + would +  V1 + O S + would + be + V3 + by + O
Many people would speak English English would be spoken by many people

14

Past Future Continuous Tense S + would + be + V1-ing + O S + would + be + being + V3 + by + O
Many people would be speaking English English would be being spoken by many people

15

Past Future Perfect Tense S + would + have + V3 + O S + would + have + been + V3 + by + O
Many people would have spoken English English would have been spoken by many people

16

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + would + have + been + V1-ing + O S + would + have + been +being + V3 + by + O
Many people would have been speaking English English would have been being spoken by many people

Beberapa rumus passive voice yang dibentuk dari kalimat active memang terdengar aneh, gak umum atau tekesan terlalu bertele-tele. Dan memang tidak semua 16 tense bahasa Inggris tersebut ditemui dalam pemakaian sehari-hari. Namun begitu, dalam artikel ini tetap dituliskan rumus passive voice untuk semua lengkap 16 tenses bahasa Inggris dalam rangkah mengantarkan pemahaman bagaimana merubah active voice (kalimat aktif) menjadi passive voice.

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